An Energy Union for whom? Unbalanced share of burdens stemming from the low-carbon energy transition

The implementation of the EU’s 2020 Climate and Energy Package has allowed the EU to generate increasing amounts of electricity from domestically-harvested renewable energy sources (RES). This has led the renewable energy share in the gross final energy consumption to double, going from a 8.5% share in 2008 to a 17% share in 2016. GHG emission reduction efforts have benefited from this, achieving almost a 19% reduction of energy-related GHG emissions during the same time peri